Corneal Ulcer Diagnosis and Corneal Ulcer Treatment
The diagnosis of a corneal ulcer requires the use a medical dye called fluorescein. The dye acts to illuminate all damage to the cornea. The cornea is then examined using a special tool called a slit lamp. The examination with a slit-lamp matched with the fluorescein allows the ophthalmologist to inspect the corneal and catalog the damage to determine if a corneal ulcer has formed.
If it is believed that infection has resulted in a corneal ulcer, it may be necessary to take a very small tissue sample. Tissue examination helps identify the sources of the infection and correctly treat it.
Treatment of a Corneal Ulcer
The treatments of choice include:
Eye drops containing antibiotics
Eye drops containing anti-fungal medication
Eye drops containing antiviral medication.
Please note that there are instances when the treating ophthalmologist will prescribe a round of anti-fungal tablets or an injection of medication near the eye.
Post-infection treatment can include anti-inflammatory eye drops and, rare cases, steroid eye drops to minimize swelling and limit the potential for scarring.
Surgical Treatment of a Corneal Ulcer
In some instances the surgical implantation of a healthy donor cornea is necessary due to the vision damage caused by the corneal ulcer.