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Corneal Ulcer Diagnosis and Corneal Ulcer Treatment

The diagnosis of a corneal ulcer requires the use a medical dye called fluorescein. The dye acts to illuminate all damage to the cornea. The cornea is then examined using a special tool called a slit lamp. The examination with a slit-lamp matched with the fluorescein allows the ophthalmologist to inspect the corneal and catalog the damage to determine if a corneal ulcer has formed.

If it is believed that infection has resulted in a corneal ulcer, it may be necessary to take a very small tissue sample. Tissue examination helps identify the sources of the infection and correctly treat it.

Treatment of a Corneal Ulcer

The treatments of choice include:

Eye drops containing antibiotics
Eye drops containing anti-fungal medication
Eye drops containing antiviral medication.

Please note that there are instances when the treating ophthalmologist will prescribe a round of anti-fungal tablets or an injection of medication near the eye.

Post-infection treatment can include anti-inflammatory eye drops and, rare cases, steroid eye drops to minimize swelling and limit the potential for scarring.

Surgical Treatment of a Corneal Ulcer

In some instances the surgical implantation of a healthy donor cornea is necessary due to the vision damage caused by the corneal ulcer.